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The Map Archive is your one-stop solution for buying Byzantine Empire map online. We have a range of thematic maps that tell the story Byzantium graphically. The roots of the Byzantine Empire can be traced to 330 CE when the Roman emperor Constantine I dedicated a ‘New Rome’ on the site of the ancient Greek colony of Byzantium. During these divisive years, which culminated in the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in 476 CE, Constantinople (as the new city was called) became the Christian capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, and remained so for the next 1,000 years. Wealthy and politically stable, Byzantium was ruled by Roman law and Roman political institutions. Greek was widely spoken and the Eastern Empire was permeated by Greek culture. It was ruled by a succession of powerful emperors: Justinian I (who built its most famous monument, the church of Hagia Sophia); Leo III; Michael III: Basil. While the Byzantine Empire flourished a new religion was emerging to the south, Islam. The Crusades, which began in the 11th century, were a conflict between European Christians and Muslims. Christian warriors poured into Byzantium en route to the Holy Land. Tensions between Western and Eastern Christendom grew, culminating in the sack of Constantinople by Western Crusaders in 1204. The Byzantine rulers eventually retook the capital in 1261, but the economy was crippled and the mighty Byzantine Empire never regained its former dominance. The rise of the Ottoman Empire was eventually to bring about its downfall.
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