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The Map Archive provides a comprehensive collection of Ancient Roman maps online. We have a range of thematic Ancient Roman maps that tell the story of the Classical civilization of Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire graphically. Legend has it that Rome was founded in 753 BCE by Romulus and Remus, and soon developed from a small cluster of villages sprawling across seven hills on the River Tiber into a substantial city. Once the people of Rome had overthrown their monarchy in 509 BCE they evolved into a republic, ruled by the Senate and two annually elected magistrates, or consuls. From the 4th century BCE Rome became a notable military power, expanding control throughout Italy and conquering the rival city-state of Carthage in the Punic Wars, which ended in 146 BCE. But as Rome expanded, the Republic was beset by a series of civil wars and strife between dominant leaders such as Julius Caesar, Pompey and Marcus Licinius Crassus, which ultimately led to the assassination of Julius Caesar and the eventual victory of his heir, Octavian, over his rival Mark Antony and Queen Cleopatra of Egypt. Octavian became the Emperor Augustus in 27 BCE, ushering in the Imperial period, when Rome expanded its borders, and dominated most of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. For the first two centuries of Empire, the Pax Romana – a period of peace and prosperity – prevailed. But unity and harmony began to disintegrate in the 4th century CE and the Roman Empire, increasingly threatened by the incursions of ‘barbarians’ (nomadic warriors) from beyond its borders, eventually collapsed and disintegrated in the late 5th century CE.
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