The pharaohs of Ancient Egypt were not just all powerful temporal rulers, they expected to become gods in the afterlife and constructed massive funerary monuments, filled with all the everyday objects they could possibly need, to serve them in the next world. The first pyramid at Giza, the oldest of... More
Only decades after facing near annihilation from the depredations of the Hyksos from the north and the Kushites from the south, the first two rulers of the 18th Dynasty accomplished a stunning turnaround. Kamose, the founder, in a brief reign drove the Hyksos back into their Nile delta strongholds and... More
The might of Egypt at the apex of the Middle Kingdom is reflected in the story of Sinuhe who, welcomed and ennobled by his hosts in exile in Canaan, returns to be feted at home. By contrast, Wenamun, a priestly official despatched to Lebanon to collect a consignment of cedarwood,... More
An iconic image of the 18th Dynasty is in Deir el-Bahri temple where a tableau depicts the trading expedition of the female pharaoh, Hatshepsut, to Punt. In Ancient Egypt, the waxing of power invariably fuelled a limitless appetite for the resources to sustain that power and the exotic materials required... More
During the reign of the ineffectual Ramesses XI, Egypt was becoming chaotic and fragmented. Amenhotep, the high priest in Thebes and the most powerful man in Upper Egypt, was deposed by his people. Pharaoh Ramesses, petitioned by Amenhotep, had no choice but to restore him to office. Ramesses instructed Viceroy... More
Breaking with the tradition of internment in the northern pyramid complexes, the rulers of the newly reunified Egypt (18th Dynasty), built a necropolis in western Thebes, close to their dynastic roots. The local god, Amun, was elevated to the status of patron god of Egypt and money poured into building... More
ANCIENT EGYPT MAPS ONLINE
The Map Archive is your one-stop solution for buying Ancient Egypt maps online. We have a range of thematic Ancient Egyptian maps that tell the story of Ancient Egyptian civilization graphically. One of the oldest civilizations in Ancient Middle East, the first capital of Ancient Egypt was founded at Memphis c. 3100 BCE by King Menes. The annual flooding, or inundation, of the mighty River Nile fed and sustained Egyptian civilization. The rulers of the Old Kingdom (c. 2686–2181 BCE), Khufu (Cheops), Khafre and Menkaure, built funerary monuments, or pyramids, at Giza (near Cairo). This was a period of peace and stability, succeeded by the First Intermediate Period, when Egypt was ruled by two different kingdoms. Stability returned with the Middle Kingdom (c. 2055–1786 BCE), initiated by Amenemhet (Amenhemhat) I, founder of the 12th Dynasty. A further unsettled period, the Second Intermediate Period (c. 1786–1567 BCE) ensued, and Egypt was once again reunited under Ahmose I, the founder of the 18th Dynasty and New Kingdom. A succession of powerful pharaohs included Amenhotep I, Thutmose I, Amenhotep III, Ramesses II, Thutmose II. New Kingdom rulers were buried in the Valley of the Kings, opposite the city of Thebes, where the famous tomb of Tutankhamen was discovered. The Third Intermediate Period (c. 1085–664 BCE) saw conflict with Nubia to Egypt’s south and a dynasty of Nubian pharaohs. Egypt was reunified under the Saite dynasty, but was conquered by the Persian Empire (525 BCE) and, eventually, the Macedonian ruler, Alexander the Great (332 BCE).