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The Map Archive is your one-stop solution for buying colonial Amercia maps online. We have a range of colonial North America map in the 1600s and 1700s, which trace its history from the foundation of the first British colony, in Jamestown, Virginia (1607) to the American Revolution against British rule. Many colonists travelled to North America because they were fleeing religious persecution, such as the Pilgrims, who founded the colony of Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620. On arrival they encountered Native Americans, who assisted the colonists and taught them how to cultivate New World grains. Other colonists also arrived: predominantly from France, Spain and the Dutch Republic. Spain established several outposts in Florida, and there were numerous conflicts between Spain and Britain. French colonialism was centred on the Saint Lawrence River in Canada, the Great Lakes, the Mississippi River and Louisiana. The Dutch established a thriving colony, New Netherland, in the regions of New York state and New Jersey. In 1664 the English captured the Dutch city of New Amsterdam and renamed in New York. The Thirteen Colonies founded by Britain on the eastern seaboard were the dominant power in North America. In the 18th century, plantation agriculture – with tobacco and cotton as the main cash crops – began to thrive in the southern states and the Caribbean, and became dependent on the importation of thousands of slave labourers from West Africa, who made up a growing percentage of the colonial population. From the mid-18th century colonial subjects became increasingly restless, and sought to gain control of their own affairs, outside the control of the British government. A period of political agitation and rebellion led to the American Revolution (1765–83) and, ultimately, independence.