Fulwar Skipwith was proclaimed governor of the short-lived ‘Republic of West Florida’ in November 1810. Within weeks, the ‘Republic’ had been suppressed by an American military expedition, serving as a convenient pretext for the annexation of the disputed territory from Spain. The expedition had been mounted from Orleans territory, the first part of the vast Louisiana Purchase from France to be organized (1804). Meanwhile, the organization of the territorial gains from Britain under the Treaty of Paris (1784) had proceeded rapidly. Kentucky (1792) and Tennessee (1796) were admitted as new states to the Union while Washington was established as the capital (1800) with its own enclave, the District of Columbia. Ohio followed in 1803. The rest of the former Northwest territory was subdivided into the territories of Michigan (1805), Indiana (1809) and Illinois (1809). The remnant of the former Southwest territory became the Mississippi territory (1804).
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