In 1316, following the death of Alauddin Khalji, the second ruler of the Khalji dynasty that ruled the Delhi Sultanate, he was succeeded by his son Shihabuddin with his brother Qutb ud-Din Mubarak as Regent. However, this position was politically unsafe, and Mubarak decided to blind his brother and seized the throne in April 1316. He consolidated his position by retaining most of the officers of state in place, thus ensuring a smooth succession. He was the last of the Khalji dynasty, and was murdered by Khusro Khan, a Hindu convert to Islam, who took power between May and September 1320. His short unstable reign was ended by Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq, the first of the new Tughlaq dynasty to rule the Sultanate of Delhi. He renamed himself Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, and rewarded all of officials of the previous Khalji dynasty who had supported him, punishing those who had not, thus easing the transition. He lowered the tax rate for Muslims and raised taxes on Hindus. He would rule the Sultanate of Delhi until February 1325.
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