Four years of economic recovery consolidated the position of the democrats in the Reichstag elections held on 20 May 1928. The SPD (Social Democrats) were the clear victors, with 29.8 per cent of the vote and 153 Reichstag seats. By aligning with the Centre (Zentrum) Party, the DDP (German Democratic Party), the DVP (German People’s Party) and the BVP (Bavarian People’s Party) they were able to form a Grand Coalition, led by Chancellor Hermann Müller. The main losers were the right-wig DNVP (German National People’s Party), which slumped from a 4.2 per cent to 5.4 per cent share of the vote. A large number of votes (13.9 per cent) was polled by non-mainstream parties, most of which were disaffected with democracy and oriented to the right of the political spectrum. The National Socialists (Nazis), led by Adolf Hitler, campaigned for the first time with their own list of candidates and gained a 2.6 per cent share of the vote.
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