Territorial growth of the Saudi State 1902–1926


Map Code: Ax01221

In 1901, Abdul Aziz ibn Saud set out with relatives to do some raiding in Nejd. His family had twice previously ruled Nejd as emirs. On the first occasion, the Ottomans expelled them (1818), tossing the severed head of the last emir into the Bosphorus. More recently (1891), their tribal rivals, the Rashidis, had exiled them to Kuwait. Back in Arabia, ibn Saud decided, impulsively, to seize Riyadh from the Rashidis, which he accomplished with just 40 men. A long guerrilla war followed. The Rashidis had Ottoman support, which meant, crucially, that the British sided with the Saudis when World War I was declared. With his ikhwan – a Wahhabist religious militia he had founded – and British munitions, ibn Saud conquered Nejd (1912), then the east coast, before taking Mecca (1925). He then defeated his rebellious Ikhwan at Sabilla (1929), establishing himself as king of Saudi Arabia (1932).

Want a discount? Become a member by purchasing Personal Subscription – Annually
All of our downloadable maps are provided as JPEG at 300 DPI and a minimum of 1500px wide.
  • Different Formats

    Different Formats

  • Different Formats

    Request Variations

  • Institution Subscriptions

    Institution Subscriptions