British Indian Possessions and Protectorates 1826


Map Code: Ax02991

Between 1806 and 1826 the East India Company continued its policy of expansion and control in India. After the Anglo-Nepal War of 1814 the Company annexed Kumaon and Garhwal , together with a collection of small states formerly allied to the Maratha Confederacy. In 1817 a large Company army invaded Maratha territory and, after a series of swift victories, the Maratha leaders were defeated, including the forces of Pieshwa Baji Rao II, the last ruler of the Maratha Empire. This left the Company in control of Central India and Maratha’s independence ended in 1818. Meanwhile, Rajputana accepted British suzerainty in 1817, Cutch followed in 1818, and Baroda in 1819. In 1823 a trade dispute with the Burmese Empire led to the First Anglo-Burmese War, which resulted in the Company gaining control of Assam, Manipur and Tenasserim. The Company, despite setbacks – including mutinies by Indian sepoy soldiers at Vellore in 1806 and at Barrackpore in 1824 – had managed to exploit the situation in India to its advantage.

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